They call it ‘Arc of Fire’. It’s the biggest operation against illegal logging in Brazil’s history. And its mission is to save the Amazon. Since April 2008, Federal Police, National Security Force Agents and the Environmental Protection Agency have been conducting joint operations against the timber mafia. It’s been dubbed the first ecological war of the 21st century. Hundreds of armed policemen scour the Amazon by helicopter, looking for signs of illegal deforestation. Already, they’ve imposed millions of Euros in fines, dismantled illegal sawmills and razed thousands of charcoal ovens to the ground. But locals, who rely on the lumber industry, claim Operation Arc of Fire is driving them to destitution. Director: Alexander Bouchet.